Hot Pepper Research Programme

Hot pepper (Casicum annuumL.) is an important commercial vegetable crop in india and one of the major export commodities among spices. Considering its varieduses for fresh green, dry chilli, food processing and pharma industries, research programmes have been designed to develop high yieldind hybrids combined with multiple disease resistance to cater both national and international market requirements. Genetic enhancements. Programmes have been initiated to strengthen the genetic base through creation of variability among CMSand maintainer liner (A\Blines), restorer lines (R-lines) and new inbreds for different market segment.


  • Wide and diverse germplasm collection of Capsicum annum, capsicum baccattum, Capsicum frutescens and capsicum chinensis.
  • Good collection of diverse CMS and restorer lines having
    • Earliness
    • Fruit colour and shape variability
    • Mild–to very high pungency
    • Tolerance to leaf curl virus complex (LCV)
    • Resistance to powdery Mildew (PM), Downy Mildew(DM)and Anthracnose
    • High capsaicin and oleoresin content

Genetic enhancement :

  • CMS and maintainer lines (A\B lines)
  • Restorer lines (R line)
  • Breeding lines with tolerance to LCV, PM, DM, ND Anthracnose

Objectives :

Development of hybrids with
  • Early maturity and multiple picking
  • High tolerance to LCV and high yield potential
  • Good quality green to dark green fruits with high pungency and heat tolerance
  • Mild pungency and light green colour for fresh market
  • Dual purpose (green fresh and dry chilli)
  • Excellent dry chilli powder quality and high oleoresin content
  • Tolerance to PM, DM and Anthracnose
  • Export market requirements